Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory

AstroBigné seminars

Lists of bigné's Current season - Previous seasons -- Sign up for a presentation (doodle link)!!!

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The Astrobigné Organizing Committee is currently composed of Crescenzo Tortora (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , reference person for the extragalactic group), Nicoletta Sanna (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , galactic group), and Alessio Turchi (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , for the technological area), supported by our director Maria Sofia Randich and by the invaluable help of Emanuela Masini with the "real" stuff.

Next Astrobigné

Tuesday 15 October 2019 - 11:45 Aula A

Rossella Spiga [Arcetri, Comunicazione]

La comunicazione scientifica all'Osservatorio di Arcetri - le basi di un piano d'azione congiunto

Input sulla strategia locale e nazionale per la comunicazione delle attività scientifiche e di outreach dell'Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri. Presentazione delle attività dell'ufficio comunicazione da implementare in sinergia con i gruppi di ricerca locali e con la struttura nazionale INAF per la comunicazione.


Giovanni Morlino [Arcetri, High-energy]

Starburst galaxies as neutrino factories

In nuclei of starburst galaxies, the combination of an enhanced rate of supernova explosions and a high gas density suggests that cosmic rays can be efficiently produced, and that most of them lose their energy before escaping these regions,  resulting in a large flux of neutrinos. Even if the flux inferred from a single starburst is expected to be well below the sensitivity of current neutrino telescopes, such sources could contribute to the diffusive neutrino flux detected by IceCube. I will discuss how starburst nuclei can explain the diffuse neutrino flux above 200 TeV being, at the same time, responsible for 40% of the extragalactic diffuse gamma–ray background. However, below 200 TeV additional neutrino sources seem to be required.


Salvatore Ferrone [Ithaca College]

Spectral and Physical Properties of High Reflectance Boulders on the Surface of NASA'S OSIRIS-REx Target Asteroid 101955 Bennu

The OSIRIS-REx asteroid sample return mission is currently in the reconnaissance phase in which target sample sites on Rubble Pile Asteroid 101955 Bennu are being studied in close proximity and at high resolution. The spacecraft is equipped with high resolution imagers as well a visible and near infrared spectrometer. In this study, we present global spectroscopic analysis of Bennu to probe if there is a relationship between spectral and geologic features. Results to date indicate (1) distributions of spectral properties are single peaked and skew; and (2) that correlations of these spectral properties with surface textures are weak. This could imply there is only one boulder population on Bennu, which would support a formation process of a disruption event of a parent body over a collision between two smaller parent bodies. The skewness of the distribution of the spectral features on Bennu could imply space weathering, which is an optical alteration of the surface due to exposure to solar particles, galactic particles, and micro-meteorites impacts. If we are able to provide enough evidence in support of space weathering driving the spectral variations, we may be able to form age relationships on Bennu. 

The Astrobigné concept

Astrobigné is a series of short seminars that are held at the Osservatorio, with the goal of interconnecting the community of people working here, spreading new ideas and results, creating and reinforcing synergies between groups and indiduals. As such, Astrobigne's are meant to be accessible to a broad audience, including astronomers and technology staff, from senior researchers to students. Not by chance, the name "bigné" was chosen to designate something delicious, attractive, quick to grasp and easy to "eat".

In practice, the astrobigne talks:

  • must be short (10 minutes plus 5 for open discussion, strict, 6-8 slides at most)
  • must present only 1-2 key points that people can assimilate quickly
  • should be aimed at triggering later discussions, collaboration, and future activities.
  • at this aim, can also present ongoing work with intermediate results
  • can cover a broad range of topics, including astronomy, technology, historic research, public outreach, organization etc...
  • will NEVER present a general overview of the subject and a complete account of the speaker's work
  • are given in English whenever possible (this is not because we don't love Italian, but we all understand that English is our professional language to be used to foster international collaborations. Not to mention that there usually are non-Italians in the audience).

Astrobigne's take place on Tuesdays, every two weeks in the main auditorium of OAArcetri (Aula A). We usually have two bigne'-talks (10+5minutes each), selected by the organizing committee in order to cover as many different areas of interest as possible. Before the talks, at 11:45, we normally meet in Aula A to socialize and eat real bigne's (pastries!). The talks start at noon, but everybody is strongly advised to come by 11:45 so not to miss the... beginning of the talks!


Past Astrobigné


Season 2019-2020

Tuesday 01 October 2019 - 11:00 Aula A

Premiazione del Premio Magini

Marco Cilibrasi [UniPi]

Satellites Form Fast & Late: a Population Synthesis for the Galilean Moons

The satellites of Jupiter are thought to form in a circumplanetary disc (CPD), i.e. a small disc forming around a giant planet when a gap is opened in the protoplanetary disc. We study the forma-tion and orbital evolution of moons with a population synthesis approach, by varying the dust-to-gas ratio, the disc dispersal timescale and the dust refilling timescale in such a disc. The CPD initial conditions (density and temperature) are directly drawn from the results of 3D radiative hydrody-namical simulations. The disc evolution is taken into account within the population synthesis, and the satellitesimals were assumed to initially grow via streaming instability, then via dust accretion, while they migrate through the disc.
We find that the moons form fast, often within 104 years, due to the short orbital timescales in the disc. They form in sequence, and many are lost into the planet due to fast type I migration, polluting Jupiter’s envelope with typically 15 Earth-masses of metals. The last generation of surviving moons can form very late in the evolution of the giant planet when the disc has already lost more than 99% of its mass. The late circumplanetary disc is cold enough to sustain water ice, hence not surprisingly 85% of the moon population has icy composition. The distribution of the satellite-masses is peaking slightly above Galilean masses, up until a few Earth-masses, in a regime which is observable with the current instrumentation around Jupiter-analog exoplanets orbiting sufficiently close to their host stars.

 Antonio Pensabene [UniFi]

The ALMA view of the high redshift relation between supermassive black holes and their host galaxies

The existence of tight correlations between supermassive black holes (BHs) and their host galaxies properties in the local Universe suggests a closely linked evolution. Investigating these relations up to the high redshifts (z > 6) is thus crucial to understand the interplay between star-formation and BH growth across the cosmic time and to set constraints on galaxy formation and evolution models. In this work, I present the relation between black hole mass (MBH) and the host galaxy dynamical mass (Mgal) for a sample of 10 high-z (z ~ 2 – 7) quasars for which we have obtained measurements of the host galaxy kinematics from archival data of the Atacama Large (Sub-)Millimeter Array (ALMA). Thanks to the unparalleled capabilities of ALMA, we are now able to spatially resolve the kinematics of cold gas traced by bright atomic/molecular lines such [CII] or CO and measure the galaxy masses through a full kinematical modelling of galaxy disks even at the highest redshifts, thus avoiding all possible biases and effects introduced by the rough estimates usually adopted so far (photometric measurements of stellar masses, virial estimates, etc.). Up to redshift z ∼ 5, the MBH/Mgal ratio is consistent with the extrapolation of the relation inferred at z < 3. At z > 5 we find a steady decrease of the MBH/Mgal ratio with increasing redshift, possibly witnessing the phase of fast growth of the BHs compared to the host galaxies. I will discuss how these results fit within the coevolution scenario and highlight the constraints that they pose on models of galaxy evolution.

 Elisabeta Lusso [UniFi]

Visit to the telescope complex of La Palma

For the third year, the astrophysiscs students of the course of Complementi di Astronomia visited El Roque de Los Muchachos telescopes in La Palma to experience how the ground-based telescopes work in one of the most important observing sites in the world. They also had the opportunity of spending an observing night at the TNG acquiring data on extragalactic targets, selected by them and later analyzed during the laboratory classes.





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